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Plant family: asteraceae


The aster family, formerly known as compositae, features plants with flower heads made up of many tiny flowers arranged in a central disc, with outer petals giving the overal inflorescence its daisy-like shape. Sunflowers, coneflowers, goldenrods, and many other wildflowers belong to this family.

I use the GRIN online query system to determine plant families. The list below shows the plants in my database listed as members of the asteraceae family. Click on the botanical name of any plant to go to the plant portrait. For a list of all the plant families represented in our garden, see my families page.

Botanical name Common name Category FlowersSize
Achillea 'Anblo' yarrowperennial (Z3-8) light yellow (late spring-summer)18-24"
Achillea 'Schwellenberg' yarrowperennial (Z3-9) yellow (June)2-3'
Achillea filipendulina 'Cloth of Gold' fern-leaf yarrowperennial (Z3-9) yellow3'
Achillea millefolium yarrowperennial various colors (ours are purple-pink)2 ft
Achillea ptarmica 'The Pearl' perennial (Z3-9) white (summer)16"
Achillea sibirica var. camtschatica 'Love Parade' yarrowperennial (Z3-9) pink (summer)2'
Achillea tomentosa woolly yarrowperennial (Z3-10) yellow (summer)6-12"
Ageratum houstonianum 'Leilani Blue' floss flowerannual blue (summer)14-16"
Agoseris retrorsa spearleaf mountain dandelionperennial yellow4-20"
Alfredia cernua perennial greenish yellowto 10'
Amberboa moschata sweet sultan; cornflowerannual white
Ambrosia artemisiifolia common ragweedannual yellow (late summer)
Ampelaster carolinianus climbing asterwoody perennial (Z6-10) lavendervine to 12'
Anacyclus pyrethrum Mount Atlas daisyperennial (Z4) white (spring)3"
Anaphalis margaritacea pearly everlastingperennial (Z5-8) silver-white (August)18"
Andryala agardhii perennial (Z4) yellowto 6"
Antennaria dioica pussy-toesperennial white-pink2"
Antennaria microphylla little-leaf pussytoesperennial (Z3-7) 1-2"
Antennaria plantaginifolia pussytoes; lady's tobaccoperennial (Z3-8) pinkish white6-12"
Anthemis cretica Cretian mat daisyperennial (Z5-10) white/yellow3"
Arctium lappa great burdockbiennial pink (summer)4-8'
Arctotis fastuosa cape daisy, monarch of the veldtannual or tender perennial silvery white (summer)18-24"
Argyranthemum frutescens marguerite daisytender perennial (Z10-11) various colors24-36"
Arnica latifolia broad-leaved arnicaperennial yellow (summer)to 24"
Arnica mollis hairy arnicaperennial (Z5-10) yellow (summer)8-24"
Arnica montana wolf's bane; mountain arnicaperennial (Z5-8) yellow (summer)20"
Artemisia 'Parfum d'Ethiopia' wormwoodperennial insignificant (summer)18-24"
Artemisia 'Powis Castle' perennial (Z5-9) yellow24-36"
Artemisia annua sweet Annieannual greenish4-6'
Artemisia lactiflora 'Guizhou' white mugwortperennial (Z3-8) white (August-September)6'
Artemisia mauiensis 'Makana Silver' perennial (Z9-11) 24"
Artemisia schmidtiana 'Silver Mound' wormwoodperennial (Z3-10) insignificant10"
Artemisia stelleriana beach wormwood; dusty millerperennial (Z4-8) 4"
Artemisia vulgaris mugwortperennial I don't let it3' or taller
Aster alpinus alpine asterperennial (Z2-9) pink (late spring-summer)6-12"
Aster amellus Italian asterperennial (Z5-8) violet/yellow (summer)12-24"
Aster asteroides ssp. costei perennial violet/pink
Aster diplostephioides perennial purple (late summer)18"
Aster frikartii Frikart's asterperennial (Z5) blue (summer)2-3'
Aster tataricus 'Jin-Dai' Tatarian asterperennial (Z4-8) purple/yellow (autumn)3-4'
Athrixia fontana tender perennial (Z8) white/yellow6"
Baccharis halimifolia groundsel tree; salt marsh eldershrub (Z5-10) white (late summer-fall)to 15'
Bellis perennis English daisyperennial white-pink-red8"
Berkheya purpurea perennial (Z8-10) purple (late summer)
Berlandiera lyrata chocolate-scented daisyperennial (Z5-11) yellow (summer)18"
Berlandiera texana green eyesperennial (Z6-8) yellow18-36"
Bidens ferulifolia Apache beggarticksannual/tender perennial yellow (summer-fall)12-24"
Cacalia delphiniifolia perennial white40"
Calendula officinalis pot marigoldannual orange (summer)2'
Callistephus chinensis China asterannual various2'
Carlina acaulis silver thistleperennial silver-white (summer)6"
Carlina corymbosa perennial yellow8-16"
Catananche caerulea Cupid's dartperennial (Z4-9) blue (summer)18-24"
Centaurea cyanus bachelor's button; cornflowerannual blue, white (summer)3-4'
Centaurea gymnocarpa purple bush dusty millerperennial (Z8) purple (spring-summer)3-4'
Centaurea montana mountain bluetperennial (Z3-8) purple-blue (spring-summer)1-2'
Centaurea nigra knapweedperennial purple (summer)2-3'
Centaurea stoebe ssp. stoebe spotted knapweedbiennial/perennial lavender (summer)to 4'
Centratherum punctatum Brazilian buttonstender perennial (Z8-11) blue (late spring-summer)24"
Chamaemelum nobile Roman chamomileperennial yellow/white3"
Chrysactinia mexicana damianitatender perennial (Z8-11) yellow (late spring-summer)12-24"
Chrysanthemum hybrids garden mumperennial various (fall)2'
Chrysanthemum koreanum 'Sheffield' pink daisy mumperennial (Z5-9) pale pink/yellow (fall)2-3'
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum ox-eye daisyperennial white/yellow (spring)2-3'
Chrysanthemum weyrichii perennial white (fall)10-12"
Cichorium intybus common chicory blue (July)2-3'
Cirsium arvense Canada thistleperennial purple
Cirsium japonicum 'White Frosted' japanese thistleperennial (Z5-9) purple-pink (fall)3'
Cirsium occidentale cobweb thistlebiennial or perennial (Z7-10) red36"
Cirsium vulgare bull thistlebiennial purple-pink (summer)3'
Conoclinium coelestinum hardy ageratum; mistflowerperennial (Z4-11) blue (late summer-fall)2'
Conyza canadensis horseweedannual whiteto 6'
Coreopsis 'Tequila Sunrise' hybrid tickseedperennial (Z6-9) yellow (summer-fall)14-16"
Coreopsis auriculata 'Zamphir' ear-leaved tickseedperennial (Z4-9) yellow (late spring-summer)12-18"
Coreopsis grandiflora 'Early Sunrise' bigflower tickseedperennial (Z4-9) yellow (late spring)18-24"
Coreopsis hybrids tickseedperennial various colors (summer)2'
Coreopsis lanceolata lance-leaf tickseedperennial (Z4-9) yellow12-24"
Coreopsis rosea tickseedperennial (Z4-8) pink/yellow (summer)18-24"
Coreopsis tinctoria plains coreopsis; calliopsisannual yellow-red-brown (summer)1-3'
Coreopsis tripteris tickseedperennial yellow (July-September)6 ft
Coreopsis verticillata 'Broad Street' thread-leaf tickseedperennial (Z5-8) red-orange (late spring-summer)12-18"
Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam' laceleaf coreopsisperennial yellow (summer)18"
Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb' threadleaf coreopsis; whorled coreopsisperennial (Z3-9) yellow (summer)12-18"
Cosmos bipinnatus annual
Cosmos sulphureus yellow cosmosannual yellow-orange (summer)30"
Cotula 'Tiffindell Gold' creeping gold buttonsperennial (Z5-10) yellow (summer)4"
Cotula hispida perennial yellow (late spring)6"
Dahlia 'Jazz' and 'Bishop of Llandaff' tender perennial deep pink-red (summer)2'
Dimorphotheca cuneata rainflowerperennial (Z8) white (early spring)to 4'
Dimorphotheca pluvialis rain daisy; cape daisyannual white9-12"
Doronicum hungaricum perennial yellow (mid Spring)18"
Doronicum orientale caucasian leopard's baneperennial (Z5) yellow (spring)20"
Echinacea pallida pale purple coneflowerperennial pink - pale purple36"
Echinacea paradoxa yellow coneflowerperennial yellow (summer)2-3'
Echinacea purpurea purple coneflowerperennial purple3-4 ft
Echinacea simulata wavy-leaf purple coneflowerperennial pale pink (June-July)2-3'
Echinacea tennesseensis Tennessee coneflowerperennial (Z5-9) purple (summer)2' tall, 18" wide
Elephantopus carolinianus elephant's footperennial (Z4-9) pale blue (late summer)12-24"
Encelia californica coast sunflower, California brittlebushperennial (Z9-10) yellow (spring)3-5'
Erechtites hieraciifolius pilewort; American fireweedannual white
Erigeron annuus Eastern daisy fleabaneannual white/yellow (summer)3-5'
Erigeron compositus 'Red Desert' cutleaf daisy; fernleaf fleabaneperennial (Z3-8) white/yellow4-10"
Erigeron elegantulus blue dwarf fleabane; volcanic daisyperennial blue-pink/yellow2-6"
Erigeron karvinskianus Mexican daisyperennial? (Z6-9) white (spring)12"
Erigeron leiomerus rockslide daisyperennial white (summer)4"
Erigeron philadelphicus common fleabanebiennial pink (spring)
Erigeron speciosus 'Azure Fairy' fleabaneperennial (Z3-8) lavender-blue (June)2-3'
Erigeron ursinus fleabaneperennial pink-purple (summer)4-8"
Erigeron vetensis perennial pale pink
Eriophyllum lanatum woolly sunflower, Oregon sunshineperennial (Z5-10) yellow (summer)4-18"
Eupatorium capillifolium dog fennelperennial (Z5-9) white (summer-fall)3-6'
Eupatorium maculatum 'Purple bush' spotted Joe-Pye weedperennial (Z4-8) purple (mid-late summer)2-4'
Eupatorium purpureum joe pye weedperennial (Z4-9) mauve (late summer)6'
Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate' white snakerootperennial (Z4-8) white (late summer-fall)3-5'
Felicia fruticosa shrub asterperennial (Z9) purple (spring)24-36"
Gaillardia aestivalis lance-leaf blanketflowerperennial (Z5-10) yellow (summer)12-18"
Gaillardia grandiflora blanketflowerperennial warm colors, summer2-3'
Gaillardia pulchella rose-ring blanketflowerannual/short-lived perennial ( red/yellow (summer)12-24"
Galinsoga quadriradiata shaggy soldier; hairy galinsogaannual white/yellow
Gazania hybrids Gazaniatender perennial various colors (summer)6"
Gazania krebsiana perennial (Z6-9) orange4-6"
Gazania linearis treasure flowerperennial (Z5-8) yellow (early summer)6"
Gerbera jamesonii gerbera daisy; Transvaal daisytender perennial (Z8-10) various colors16"
Gynura aurantiaca perennial (Z9-10) yellowvine to 9'
Gynura bicolor Okinawan spinachperennial (Z8-10) yellow-orange (early fall)40"
Helenium autumnale Helen's flower, sneezeweedperennial yellow/orange/red (summer-fall)4-5'
Helenium puberulum 'Autumn Lollipop' perennial (Z4-8) yellow-orange (summer)36"
Helianthus angustifolius 'First Light' swamp sunflower; narrow-leaf sunflowerperennial (Z5-9) yellow (Sep)4'
Helianthus annuus sunflowerannual yellow (summer)6' and taller
Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius beach sunflower; cucumber-leaved sunflowertender perennial (Z8-11) yellow3-4'
Helianthus divaricatus woodland sunflowerperennial (Z3-8) yellow2-6'
Helianthus maximilianii Maximillian sunflowerperennial yellow, late summer into fall7 ft
Helichrysum amorginum perennial pink/yellow
Heliopsis helianthoides false sunflowerperennial yellow (summer)5 ft
Heterotheca pumila alpine false goldenasterperennial yellow (summer)4-6"
Heterotheca subaxillaris camphorweedannual yellow (summer-fall)to 5'
Hieracium aurantiacum hawkweedperennial orange (late spring)18"
Hieracium maculatum spotted hawkweedperennial (Z5-9) yellow (summer)12"
Hymenoxys hoopesii orange sneezeweedperennial (Z3-8) yellow (late spring)3-4'
Inula sp. elecampaneperennial (Z5-8) yellow (late spring-summer)12-18"
Kalimeris incisa cutleaf Japanese asterperennial light blue (June)2'
Kalimeris pinnatifida Japanese asterperennial (Z6-9) white (mid-late summer)2-3'
Kalimeris yomena 'Geisha' Japanese asterperennial (Z4-9) lavender daisies16"
Lactuca canadensis wild lettuceannual yellow
Lactuca serriola prickly lettuceannual/biennial yellow1-4'
Layia calliglossa tidy tipsannual yellow/white
Layia platyglossa tidytipsannual yellow/white14-18"
Leibnitzia anandria Leibnitz daisyperennial white (late spring and early fall)1' tall, 6" wide
Leontopodium palibinianum perennial? white (summer)12-16"
Leptinella squalida 'Platt's Black' brass buttons; dollhouse fernperennial (Z4) white6"
Leucanthemum x superbum 'Becky' Shasta daisyperennial yellow/white3-4'
Liatris borealis New England blazing starperennial (Z5-8) purple (late summer)24-36"
Liatris ligulistylis meadow blazing starperennial purple (Aug-Sep)3-5'
Liatris microcephala dwarf blazing starperennial (Z4-7) violet (late summer)18-24"
Liatris pycnostachya button snakeroot; prairie blazing starperennial (Z4) purple (July-Aug)3-5'
Liatris scariosa plains blazing starperennial (Z3-8) pink-purple (summer)2-4'
Liatris spicata blazing star; gayfeatherperennial bulb purple, mid-late summer3 ft
Ligularia calthifolia perennial yellow
Ligularia dentata golden groundsel, leopard plantperennial (Z3) orange-yellow (summer)3'
Ligularia fischeri perennial (Z5) yellow (late summer)5'
Ligularia japonica perennial (Z4-7) orange4'
Ligularia przewalskii perennial (Z3) yellow (summer)4'
Ligularia sibirica perennial (Z3-10) yellow (summer)4'
Ligularia stenocephala 'The Rocket' narrow-leaf ligulariaperennial (Z4-8) yellow (late summer-fall)4-6'
Ligularia veitchiana perennial yellow
Ligularia vorobievii perennial orange-yellow (mid-late summer)3-4'
Marshallia caespitosa Barbara's buttonsannual
Melampodium leucanthum blackfoot daisyperennial (Z4-9) white/yellow 8-12"
Melampodium paludosum 'Million Gold' gold medallion flower; African zinniaannual yellow (summer)12"
Mikania scandens climbing hempweedperennial white (late spring)vine
Mutisia ilicifolia Chilean climbing gazaniatender perennial pink/yellowvine to 10'
Oncosiphon suffruticosum Calomba daisyannual yellow20"
Othonna capensis hardy yellow iceplant; little picklesperennial (Z5-10) yellow (summer)3-6"
Packera glabella butterweed, cress-leaf groundselannual yellow (spring)to 20"
Pericallis 'Senetti Magenta Bicolor' florist's cinerariaperennial (Z9-11) various colors, including bicolors15-24"
Pityopsis falcata sickle-leaf golden-aster yellow (late summer)8-15"
Porophyllum ruderale papaloquelite; yerba porosa; summer cilantroannual yellow (late summer-fall)3-5'
Psephellus pulcherrimus purple-pink4-16"
Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides Mexican flame vineperennial (Z8b-11) orangevine to 10'
Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus Texas dandelionannual yellow (February-June)
Ratibida columnifera prairie coneflower; Mexican hatperennial (Z3-10) yellow (summer)24-32"
Ratibida columnifera f. pulcherrima showy grey-head prairie coneflowerperennial (Z3-8) yellow (summer into fall)2-3'
Rhaponticum coniferum purple (late spring-summer)6-12"
Rhodanthemum hosmariense Moroccan daisyperennial (Z8-9) white (spring and autumn)12-14"
Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm' black-eyed susanperennial yellow/black (summer)
Rudbeckia hirta gloriosa daisy; black-eyed susanperennial (Z3-10) yellow-orange-burgundy2'
Rudbeckia laciniata cutleaf coneflower; tall coneflowerperennial (Z3-9) yellow (late summer)2-9'
Rudbeckia laciniata 'Goldquelle' golden glow coneflowerperennial (Z3-9) yellow (summer)3'
Rudbeckia maxima giant coneflowerperennial yellow (early summer)6'
Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Little Henry' sweet coneflowerperennial (Z4-9) yellow (summer-fall)30-36"
Rudbeckia triloba brown-eyed susanbiennial yellow/brown (late summer-fall)3-4'
Rumex crispus curly dockperennial greenish yellow (late spring)
Santolina chamaecyparissus lavender cottonperennial (Z6-9) yellow (summer)12-24"
Sanvitalia procumbens creeping zinniaannual yellow daisies (all season)8"
Saussurea nepalensis perennial purple
Scorzonera suberosa ssp. cariensis perennial purple (summer)2-8"
Senecio candicans 'Angel Wings' perennial (Z8-11) 8-16"
Senecio crassissimus vertical-leaf senecioperennial (Z9b) yellow (summer)18-24"
Senecio mandraliscae blue chalk stickstender perennial (Z9-11) white (spring)12"
Senecio polyodon pink groundselperennial purple-pink (summer)
Senecio vitalis narrow-leaf chalk sticksperennial (Z9-11)
Senecio vulgaris common groundselannual yellow
Serratula seoanei perennial (Z7-10) pink (fall)18-24"
Silphium laciniatum compass plantperennial yellow (summer)6-8 ft
Silphium perfoliatum cup plantperennial yellow (summer)6 ft
Silphium terebinthinaceum prairie dockperennial yellow?
Silybum marianum Mary's thistle, milk thistlebiennial see belowfoliage to 12", flowers to 24"
Solidago altissima tall goldenrodperennial yellow2-4'
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrodperennial yellow July-Sept4-5'
Solidago odora sweet goldenrodperennial (Z4-9) yellow (late summer)2-4'
Solidago species goldenrodperennial yellow
Solidago virgaurea 'Peter Pan' goldenrodperennial yellow (late summer)18"
Sonchus asper annual sowthistleannual yellow12-24"
Sonchus oleraceus common sowthistleannual yellow
Sphagneticola trilobata wedelia; Singapore daisyperennial (Z9-11) yellow12"
Stenotus acaulis stemless golden weedperennial yellow (summer)6"
Stokesia laevis Stokes' aster, cornflower asterperennial (Z5-9) blue-purple (summer)18"
Symphyotrichum ericoides f. prostratum 'Snow Flurry' heath asterperennial white (September)4-6"
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum 'Lady in Black' Michaelmas daisyperennial (Z5-9) white/pink (Sept-Oct)4'
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 'Purple Dome' New England asterperennial purple (late summer)2'
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii 'Wood's Pink' and 'Wood's Purple' New York asterperennial pink/yellow, purple (fall)12-16"
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense skyblue asterperennial (Z4-8) blue (September-October)2-4'
Symphyotrichum pilosum frost asterperennial white/yellow (summer)1-4'
Symphyotrichum sp. perennial 6'
Syneilesis aconitifolia shredded umbrella plantperennial (Z5-8) white - pink18"
Syneilesis palmata palmate umbrella plantperennial (Z5-8) white (summer)15"
Tagetes marigoldannual orange/yellow (summer)6"
Tagetes lemmonii copper canyon daisy; Lemmon's marigoldperennial (Z8-11) yellow (fall)36"
Tanacetum balsamita costmaryperennial yellow (summer)18"
Tanacetum coccineum painted daisyperennial pink-red with yellow eye (May-June)24"
Tanacetum parthenium 'Aureum' golden feverfewperennial yellow/white1 ft
Tanacetum vulgare tansyperennial herb yellow3-5 ft
Taraxacum officinale dandelionperennial yellow4" (to 12" in bloom)
Telekia speciosa ox-eye daisyperennial (Z3-7) yellow (summer)4-6'
Thelesperma burridgeanum annual gold/brown (summer)18"
Thelesperma filifolium greenthreadannual or shortlived perennial yellow10-30"
Thymophylla tenuiloba Dahlberg daisyannual yellow (summer)6"
Tithonia rotundifolia Mexican sunflowerannual orange4 ft
Townsendia eximia Townsend daisy? white-pink (summer)6"
Townsendia parryi Parry's townsendiaperennial purple-blue (late spring)6-12"
Townsendia rothrockii perennial? white or pink/yellow (summer)2"
Tragopogon dubius yellow goatsbeard; yellow salsifyannual/biennial yellow (June-Aug)24-30"
Tragopogon porrifolius purple salsifybiennial lavender (May)
Tussilago farfara coltsfootperennial (Z4-6) yellow (spring)6-12"
Urospermum dalechampii smooth golden fleecebiennial/perennial yellow12-16"
Ursinia anethoides annual yellow/burgundy (summer)12"
Ursinia nana annual yellow6-18"
Verbesina alternifolia wingstemperennial yellow (Aug-Oct)to 12'
Vernonia baldwinii western ironweedperennial (Z5-9) purple-pink (late summer)3-4'
Vernonia glauca upland ironweedperennial purple (late summer-fall)
Vernonia lettermannii ironweedperennial (Z4-9) purple (August-September)24"
Vernonia noveboracensis New York ironweedperennial purple (late summer-fall)6'
Viguiera stenoloba skeleton-leaf goldeneye; resinbushperennial yellow (summer-fall)18-36"
Xanthisma coloradoense perennial? pink2-6"
Xanthisma spinulosum perennial yellow
Xanthisma texanum sleepy daisyannual yellow (summer)2-3'
Xerochrysum bracteatum strawflowerannual
Xerochrysum papillosum white everlastingperennial white30"
Zinnia acerosa desert zinniatender perennial (Z9-10)
Zinnia elegans 'Candy Cane' zinniaannual
Zinnia grandiflora prairie zinniaperennial (Z4-9) yellow (summer-fall)6"

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Last modified: December 11, 2014
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